Occupancy

Spring 2014

Location

Washington Square, NYC

Client

NYC Dept. of Parks & Recreation

The new 3,100 square foot Washington Square Park Park House, designed by BKSK Architects, is a deceptively modest building nestled in one of New York’s most vibrant public spaces. It houses substantial program: public restrooms, offices, storage, and unique mechanical spaces, most notably the pumps that operate the park’s historic display fountain. The building’s subtle curvature and natural material composition help minimize its intrusiveness in the park. This single-story structure is articulated with a colonnade made of New York Champlain Valley granite with white, pink, and green tones and a warm cedar trellis, rendering it more like a park pavilion structure than an administration building. Over time the trellis will become covered with flowering vines.

Designed to have a small footprint, both architecturally and environmentally, its systems include a solar panel array and ground source heat pumps that eliminate bulky on-site equipment as well as noise pollution to avoid distracting visitors from the landscapes of the park. Combined with passive design strategies, such as a high performance building envelope, and photovoltaic panels that offset 34% of the electrical load, the implementation of a ground source heat pump system has resulted in the park house using 55% less energy than a comparable building with a conventional system. These features and others helped the project achieve LEED Platinum certification.

Other key sustainable elements of this project include maximized daylight, the specification of low- or no-VOC building materials, and the use of locally sourced stone and reclaimed wood. All of these strategies help to minimize environmental impact while addressing the needs of both the NYC Parks staff and the public.

Awards

Chicago Athenaeum & European Centre for Architecture, Green Good Design Award, 2017

Re-thinking The Future Sustainability Awards, Second Award, 2016

Society of American Registered Architects (National), Design Award of Excellence, 2016

AIANY COTE, Merit Award, 2016

Traditional Building Magazine, Palladio Award for New Architecture, under 30,000 sf, 2015

AIA New York State, Citation for Design, 2015

Engineering News-Record, Best Projects Merit Award, 2014

COLLABORATORS
NYC Dept. of Parks & Recreation – landscape; Weidlinger Associates – structural; Buro Happold – MEP & lighting design; Michael Wein – civil

Photos by Jeffrey Totaro

"This project’s aggressive approach to energy issues will impact parks across the city."

Gale Brewer, Manhattan Borough President